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  • Writer's picturelisaannettestanley

Equal Rights are Civil Rights. Civil Rights are Women's Rights

Women remain the only class of US Citizens not Federally Protected by the Constitution. While a Senate Bill paving the way for Ratification by 2/3s Majority of the States was introduced in 1972, apparently there is a deadline (???)

Subsequently, Sen. Cardin, Benjamin L. [D-MD] has introduced S.J.Res.5 - yet another joint resolution removing the deadline for the ratification of the equal rights amendment..

In 2017 ERA bills have been introduced in the legislatures of Arizona, Florida, Illinois, North Carolina, Utah, and Virginia. We only need two of these remaining hold outs to pass this legislation for ratification into the US Constitution.

Below is a brief timeline of the struggle for Women's Rights:

On March 22, 1972, the ERA finally passed the Senate and the House of Representatives by the required two-thirds majority and was sent to the states for ratification. An original seven-year deadline was later extended by Congress to June 30, 1982. When this deadline expired, only 35 of the necessary 38 states (the constitutionally required three-fourths) had ratified the ERA. It is therefore not yet a part of the U.S. Constitution.

The Equal Rights Amendment has been reintroduced in every session of Congress since 1982. In the 115th Congress (2017-2018), ERA ratification bills were introduced as S.J.Res. 6 (lead sponsor, Senator Robert Menendez, D-NJ) and H.J.Res. 33 (lead sponsor, Representative Carolyn Maloney, D-NY). A bill to remove the ERA’s ratification deadline ex post facto and make it part of the Constitution when three more states ratify was introduced as S.J. Res. 5 by Senator Benjamin Cardin (D-MD) and as H.J.Res. 53 by Representative Jackie Speier (D-CA).

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