US Constitution and Bill of Rights
13th, 14th & 15th Amendments
It would appear that Women’s Rights & Civil Rights have gone hand in hand from the beginning of American History. Both of these important issues have pretty much been omitted from the History books.
In the present day 2020 great strides are being made to rectify these situations.
We see this in the Month of February for Black History Month.
We see this in the Month of March for Women’s History Month.
I found it very interesting that Elizabeth Cady Stanton began her career of Political Activism as an Abolitionist who worked feverishly for the passage of the 13th Amendment granting Freedom for Slave both here in America & Abroad.
Like Politics of today when Bills are presented for a Vote, whether Congressional or Senate, sometimes a Bill goes too far – or in some cases, not far enough.
We now know, that unless clearly specified, the verbiage of a Bill can be grounds for a glaring omission. Conversely it can also be widely interpreted to give Carte Blanch free license to run rough-shod over the intent of the Law.
For example: when a clearly guilty person gets off on a technicality or Legal Loophole such as “If the glove don’t fit, you must acquit.”
We also see Partisan Politics being played in the present year 2020 with good solid pieces of Legislation coming out of the Democrat-held Congress languishing on the Desk of the Senate Majority Leader in the Republican Senate.
The full texts of the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights, available in the National Archives, clearly outline whose rights are being protected by these documents.
I would like to highly encourage each individual reading my words to go read for yourselves the original words of the Framers of the US Constitution.
This is a good start, but guess who was left out & ignored?
The 13th, 14th & 15th Amendments to the original Constitution that formally abolished slavery extend these right to former MALE SLAVES.
With respect to Elizabeth Cady Stanton who was a staunch supporter of the 13th Amendment it is not that she disagreed with extending the Vote to Freedmen, it was the willful exclusion of Women in the 15th Amendment that she took exception with.
She felt that the Legislation should be Re-written to include EVERYONE.
Very Sad that This Even Needs to be Said
Please read below:
13th Amendment to the US Constitution
Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865.
Note: A portion of Article IV, section 2, of the Constitution was superseded by the 13th amendment.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868.
Note: Article I, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of the 14th amendment.
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age,* and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.
The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
*Changed by section 1 of the 26th amendment.
15th Amendment to the US Constitution
Passed by Congress February 26, 1869. Ratified February 3, 1870.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude--
The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.